Alan Turing was born on June 23rd, 1912. Turing is widely credited for being an early pioneer in – some would even say inventor of – computer science and artificial intelligence, but perhaps less well-known is his key role in saving the world from fascism. During WWII, he played a pivotal role in breaking the German’s “Enigma” code. Without that contribution, the outcome of the war might have been very different. It has been estimated that breaking Enigma shortened the war by two to four years, saving millions.